Schueler, T., Youngka, A., Williamson, L. 2017. The Effectiveness of Stormwater BMPs in Reducing Toxic Contaminants in Urban Runoff: A Literature Review for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Watershed Science Bulletin June 2017. Center for Watershed Protection, Ellicott City, MD. 19pp.
Toxic contaminants, such as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and metals, are of interest to many watershed managers who want to safeguard aquatic and human health. This article summarizes literature findings on the degree to which structural urban best management practices (BMPs) that are currently intended to decrease nutrient and sediment pollution can also reduce toxic contamination of waterways. Such multiple benefits could provide significant cost savings to regulatory agencies, such as the Chesapeake Bay Partnership, that must meet nutrient and sediment total maximum daily loads and also want to reduce toxic contaminants in the water environment. The literature review focused on 12 categories of urban toxic contaminants (UTCs) and involved review of more than 250 research papers and reports. recommended here.