Christianson, R., Wong, C., & McDonald, M. (2016). Upper Mississippi Nutrient (Loss) Reduction Strategies – Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota (White Paper). Center for Watershed Protection and Walton Family Foundation. This document is intended to highlight similarities between nutrient reduction or nutrient loss reduction strategies for Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota – focusing on agricultural BMPs. In addition, gaps in knowledge as well as focus areas for future research are suggested. As expected, there is substantial overlap in the BMP efficiencies developed by each state, which adds credibility to the independent efforts.